If it works the way I think it does, you use that and then send your staff for training the timer is removed and they get the benefit right away. Can say for sure, don't have the game.
[Edited by CyPHeR369, 9/2/2018 6:48:33 PM]
Training need to wait until the instructor start teaching and press it, the training will complete immediately
The research one also the same, need to have someone start the research to work; however, it has a little issue on the mission in the university map, if you use it in the early stage, the research point will be come negative, which will never be able to complete the mission objective